World

Thousands protest after five men cleared of sexual assault of minor because she 'didn't fight back'

Thousands protest after five men cleared of sexual assault of minor because she 'didn't fight back'
Protests have erupted across Spain against a court's decision to clear five men of gang-raping an unconscious 14-year-old girl because she didn't fight back.
Under Spanish law, a sexual attack can only be classified as an assault or rape if the perpetrator uses violence or intimidation.
Because the 14-year-old victim was unconscious, the Barcelona court found the crime did not fit the legal definition of rape and the men were convicted of a lesser charge of sexual abuse.
Thousands in Spain are demonstrating to demand changes in criminal laws and the country's judiciary after a new ruling on a sex assault case revived the debate over the fair treatment of victims. (AP/AAP)
The case renewed pressure on the government to reform the law and specify that any sexual act without consent is an assault.
The five men were sentenced to 10 to 12 years in prison.
The attack happened at a party in Manresa, a town northwest of Barcelona, in 2016.
The court heard that the group was partying in an abandoned factory, when the victim consumed "alcohol and drugs" and became unconscious.
The men then took turns performing sexual acts on the teenager, according to a statement published on the court's website.
"The sexual attack on the victim was extremely intense and especially denigrating, and in addition, it was produced on a minor who was in a helpless situation," the court said.
A woman holds a sign reading ''Sister. I believe you'' as people gather at Plaza del Castillo square to a protest against sex assault, in Pamplona, northern Spain, Monday, Nov. 4, 2019. (AP/AAP)
It said the victim was "in a state of unconsciousness ... without being able to determine and accept or oppose the sexual relations maintained with defendants, who could perform sexual acts without using any type of violence or intimidation".
The court said the attack had to be classified as sexual abuse because "it has been proven that the victim, while the events took place ... was in a state of unconsciousness".
The court also awarded the victim 12,000 euros ($19,379) in damages. Two more men attending the party were acquitted of all crimes, the court said.
Monday's protests were held in more than 40 cities across the country and the hashtag #EnoughPatriarchalJustice was spread across social media.
Echoes of 'Wolf Pack' case
This is not the first public display of anger over the treatment of sexual assault victims by the legal system in Spain.
The hearing sparked protests across Spain reminiscent of the response to a similar case in which five men, dubbed "the Wolf Pack", were originally acquitted of rape and convicted of abuse.
Spain's Supreme Court overturned the decision in June, after a year of demonstrations, sentencing the men to 15 years in prison for rape.
The case shocked the nation and prompted widespread outrage, which was ultimately diverted towards Spain's judicial system.
Many of the protesters wore purple, a color associated with feminist movements, a sign of solidarity and support. (AP/AAP)
However, while the "Wolf Pack" controversy stemmed from the interpretation of the law and what constitutes intimidation, the Manresa attack put a spotlight on what activists said is a flaw in the Spanish legal system.
The court in Barcelona said in the press release that the attack "cannot fit into any other criminal typology" because the attackers "could perform sexual acts without using any type of violence or intimidation".
That explanation has sparked more calls for the law to be changed. Protesters gathered in front of the court during the months-long hearing, holding placards that read: "It's rape".
The Spanish Association of Women Judges has previously called for a reform of the law, urging the government to act quickly.
Lucia Avilés, a judge and a member of the association, said on Twitter on Friday that the issue has not yet been addressed, despite the fact that Spain has signed and ratified the Istanbul Convention on Violence Against Women, which stipulates that sex without consent is rape.